A rapidly growing number of senior drivers on our nation’s highways has prompted many states to develop special tools, programs and resources to assist older adults and their families to better manage safe driving.

Many states also have enacted driver’s licensing laws with special provisions for older adults. Summarized below are programs and licensing laws that exist in the great state of Maryland.

Licensing policies for older adults vary from state to state. In Maryland, motorists are required to renew their driver’s licenses every eight years, in person every other renewal. At every in-person renewal, motorists must pass a vision test. The renewal process for older adults includes the following condition:

  • Vision testing. People age 40 and older renewing by mail must submit a report from a vision specialist on the renewal form.

Almost every state, including Maryland, has a process for reporting a potentially unsafe driver to its licensing office or department of motor vehicles. Law enforcement officers and physicians represent the majority of individuals submitting reports, although concerned citizens also can do so. If a state agency finds a complaint reasonable and credible, it may ask the reported driver to submit additional information, which could be used to help determine if a screening or assessment is justified.

Visit the Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration website to learn more about the medical review process.


A variety of brief vision, cognitive and motor tests implemented by the Maryland MVA can be used as a first-tier screen to assess potentially at-risk drivers. Drivers can be referred for the screening by their physicians or concerned family members, or they may volunteer for the screening. Learn more >>