Vision, like other senses, gradually declines over time. Because changes may be hard to notice, it’s important to have annual vision tests. Common eyesight conditions related to aging are glaucoma, macular degeneration and cataracts.
Glaucoma is a buildup of pressure in the eye, which can interfere with transmission of visual information to the brain. Untreated or uncontrolled glaucoma can eventually lead to a reduced ability to see at the edges of your vision (peripheral vision). Progressive eye damage due to glaucoma could lead to blindness.
Macular degeneration, also called age-related macular degeneration or AMD, is the leading cause of vision loss and blindness among Americans age 65 and older. Because people in this group are an increasingly larger percentage of the general population, reduced visibility and vision loss from macular degeneration is a growing problem. AMD is degeneration of the macula, which is the part of the retina responsible for the sharp, central vision needed to read or drive.
Cataracts affect the eye’s natural lens, which can make your vision appear cloudy. Cataracts are the most common cause of vision loss in people over age 40 and the principal cause of blindness in the world. They can occur at the back of the eye’s lens, in the central portion of the lens or at the edges of the lens.
View more information on common eye problems here.